The Basset Hound is breed of dog that has short legs .They belong to hound family. It is one of the six recognized Basset breeds in France. Bassets were originally bred to hunt rabbits as they have a good sense of smell for tracking. The name Basset is derived from the French word bas, which means “low”. Basset Hounds are usually Bicolor or Tricolors of standard hound coloration.
The bassets have a long heavy body and short legs which make it easy to follow on foot and give it an edge in dense cover. They have heavier bones, in proportion to its total size, than any other breed. They have a thick, tight coat that protects it from brambles without becoming caught in them.
Basset Hound is of French roots and has flourished for centuries in Europe where it was used to hunt rabbits, hare, and deer. The word “Basset” was first mentioned as a breed of dog that appears in an early text on hunting written by Fouilloux in 1585. The By the mid-19th century, the two largest breeders of Bassets in France produced dogs of slightly different type. The first strain was primarily white and lemon and had a tendency to knuckling and the second strain had glamorous tri-colors with more facial expressions. Basset Hounds were exported to England which began in 1866.
The Basset Hound is gentle, sweet, devoted, naturally well-behaved and peaceful. They are always friendly and never harsh or moody. They are mild but not timid; very affectionate with its master and pleasant with children. It can be a bit stubborn at times and need a firm, consistent and confident owner who display natural authority over it. With proper training, they are obedient, but when they pick up an interesting smell, it becomes hard to get their attention. As they like to follow the nose.
The Basset Hound is usually a healthy breed. But like all other breeds, Bassets can be affected by certain genetic diseases. They can be prone to Glaucoma, Hip and Elbow Dysplasia, Hypothyroidism, Patellar Luxation., von Will brand’s Disease, Thrombopathia where dogs with this condition are more susceptible to bruising and hemorrhage.
The Basset Hound does best as a house dog with access to a yard .His face may need regular cleaning around the mouth and wrinkles. The Basset Hound is a scent hound that is it is built low to the ground with many flaps and wrinkles and long ears. The noses of hounds are very sensitive and so shampoos with too much fragrance should be avoided unless extremely needed. Regular clipping of nails is of utter importance.
The Basset Hound responds well to patient obedience training. It has a good sense of humor, as this dog can play the clown during training. The Basset needs slight daily exercises, which can be satisfied by walking or playing in the yard.