A Bichon Frise, is one of the breeds of Bichon type. They are popular pets and are a member of the Non-Sporting Group of dog breeds, also a member of the Toy Dog group.
The Bichon Frise descended from the Barbet or Water Spaniel and the Standard Poodle. The Bichon was first born in 1300 from the queen’s Maltese and poodle; she named them Bichon Frise and they where her lapdog.
The Bichons were divided into four groups: the Bichon Maltese, the Bichon Havanese, the Bichon Bolognaise and the Bichon Tenerife. All originated in the Mediterranean area and were used as barter by the sailors to travel from continent to continent. It is believed that the breed Tenerife was introduced by Spanish seamen. It enjoyed significant success in Spain as a favourite of the Infantas.
This breed was transformed during Napoleon III, rule but then diminished till the late 19th century. On March5, 1933, the breed was officially adopted Société Centrale Canine, France. Because of the reason that the breed was named by two names viz. Tenerife and Bichon, the president of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale suggested a name on the character which dogs represents – the Bichon Frisé.
Bichon was recognised in Australia in 1960, because of the Channel Nine mini-series Meweth, starring Bruce Gyngell with his pat Bichon, Molly. In United States, Bichon was popularized in 1972 through American Kennel Club. It became entitled to go into the AKC’s Miscellaneous Class on date 1 September 1971. A Bichon Frise named JR won the best-in-show at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show in 2001. It is ranked 40th most popular breed by American Kennel Club in 2013.
The Bichon Frise is a small dog weighing 5–10 kg and height is 23–30 cm arox. It has slightly rounded skull and the muzzle is not pointy. The tail is long and curly, it has a black nose and dark round eyes, it has white or grey coloured dense coat with slight shedding. Around its ears and paws a small amount of camel, cream, or apricot colour may be seen. Bichon Frises can have a medium-high brainpower.
According to American Kennel Club the Bichon Frise are referred as merry, cheerful and gentle mannered. They love human company and demands attention. They are good companion dogs and are very gregarious and do well with its owner and with children and have lots of energy.
Qualities and Shedding
Bichon Frises are the dogs that do not shed. The brushing and trimming is required to remove loose hair and helps to look as its best, and the curl in the coat helps prevent dead hair and dander from escaping into the environment. Bichon Frises are hypoallergenic, but human sensitivity to dog fur, saliva, and dander varies noticeably.
In accordance to various surveys Bichon Frise has an average life span of about 12–13 years. According to the reliable records the oldest Bichon Frises died at 19 years. This breed is prone to liver shunts, if detected on earlier stage it can be corrected through surgery. Special diet of low protein and medications to support liver function can help to keep shunts under control. Bichons with shunts have a lifespan of 4–6 years.