Black Russian Terrier
The Black Russian Terrier or Stalin’s dog is a breed of dog is used as guard dog and police dog. In July 2004, it became one of the AKC’s recognized breeds.
According to the facts this breed is a combination of twenty different breeds, including the Airedale, the Rottweiler, the Giant Schnauzer, the Caucasian Ovtcharka, the Newfoundland and Moscow Water Dog.
The Black Russian Terrier was developed in the former USSR for using it as military or working dogs. Breeds involved in the development were Airedale Terrier, Newfoundland, Giant, Caucasian Ovcharka and Standard Schnauzers. This bred was solely owned by the state Red Star Kennel until 1957 after that some puppies were sold to the breeders. These breeders began to breed for looks while retaining working ability. FCI recognized the breed in 1984 and on July 1, 2004, it was recognized by the American Kennel Club [AKC]. The Canadian Kennel Club has the Black Russian Terrier as a listed breed in the Working Group.
The Black Russian Terrier appears to be of great athleticism, strength and courage. It should be rustic in appearance; its coat is sculpted or trimmed. It should never appear to lack substance or be weak in any way.
It has a double coat, a coarse outer guard hair and a softer undercoat. It has hard and dense, woolly, never soft, silky or frizzy coat. It may have a beard and eyebrows on the face, and slight curls around the withers and neck. The coat is black coloured with some scattered gray hairs on it.
According to the FCI standard the height of a male dog is 72 to 76 cm and that of the female is 68–72 cm. Weight of the male ones is between 50 and 60 kg, and the females weigh between 45 and 50 kg. Nowadays, the size may differ.
The temperament of the Black Russian Terrier is of extreme importance. This breed remains calm, courageous, confident and self-assured. They have high intellectual power and adapts well to training. They are alert and responsive, impulsively protective, determined, brave, behave well with family, are aloof and therefore never enjoy intrusion by strangers.
BRTs have traditionally been used for a wide variety of tasks, such as carting.
The Black Russian Terrier has a very strong work ethic, and needs a job to do in order to be happy. Early training is a must and they are very responsive to firm, consistent training, excelling at Obedience competitions. They also perform well in other dog sports, such as Agility, and Schutzhund training. They have a low-shedding coat, and need grooming several times a week. Dogs who compete in conformation need to be groomed a minimum of every three weeks to keep the coat in show condition. The Black Russian Terrier needs lots of exercise, and may become hyperactive and destructive if it does not have a chance to burn off its energy.
The Black Russian Terrier is a generally healthy and long-lived dog, its lifespan is of 10–14 years, but it is prone to certain hereditary diseases like Hip dysplasia, Elbow dysplasia and Hyperuricosuria. Well intended breeders always have all health checks on all breeding stock before making any decision to breed their dogs. Instead, health checks on breeding stock cannot assure that a puppy will not develop any health issues ever.