The Boerboel is a large breed of dog from South Africa and was bred for guarding the homestead and to work as working farm dogs. These dogs were vigorous and courageous.
The Boerboel is the South African dog breed created to protect the farmstead. Despite the breeding history of Boerboel, there is uncertainty of the number of breeds and type of breeds used to create it. It is said that this breed was created from interbreeding of native African canine species with breeds of French, Dutch and British countries.
The most probable origins are claimed to the previous to Jan van Riebeeck’s introduction to the Cape in the year 1652. Van Riebeeck brought a “Bullenbijter” with him. Those with him, and later European settlers, also had large, strong dogs, which is mostly bred with the original, domestic hound breeds of South Africa.
Then, in 1928, the diamond mining company named De Beers imported Bullmastiffs to South Africa to protect the mines. The breed was also crossbred with Boerboels breed in the region.
In the Senekal district of the Free State the Boerboel Breeders Association was established in year 1983 the objective of ennobling and encouraging the Boerboel breed of dog as a extraordinary dog of South Africa.
Today, this dog’s breeding is very famous for both a hobby and an industry in South Africa. The breed is now exported very frequently from South Africa to other parts of the world.
The shielding character of the breed is still obvious and is much sought after, as is the calm, constant, and positive composure of the breed. These dogs are obedient plus carry ingenuity with strong territorial instincts. It remains as the guarding breed of choice amongst current day farmers and is very accepted for the very same reason in the urban areas. In year 2010, the breed was banned in Denmark as it is a fighting dog.
The Boerboel is a muscular, strong bone structured large dog. The head appears blocky, but not overdone. These dogs look impressive, with confidence and powerful movement, which should be unencumbered and buoyant, despite its size. It should be symmetrical and balanced, following the desired proportions for the breed.
The Boerboel breed sheds and is easy to groom. The infrequent brushing, a monthly bath and nail trim is needed. The outer coat of the breed is normally straight and coarse, and has an undercoat that is dense and soft. It has short coat which is dense, soft, shiny and smooth. Their coat colours are of various shades of red, fawn and brown. Some of the dogs have a black mask around their mouth that might extend to their ears and eyes.
Boerboels has an intelligent and energetic temperament. They are great with children and are loyal; they tend to be defensive to their family and territory.
They are quite charming when not being lazy, and will not hesitate to defend their loved ones to the death. The Boerboel also requires training and firm handling from an early age.
Boerboels are known for their good health. This breed can suffer from elbow dysplasia, ectropionise, vaginal hyperplasia and entropion. Recently, juvenile epilepsy has appeared in this breed. The average life span is 10 years.
Owning a boerboel requires a major commitment in time as they need to be trained and socialized properly.
When left alone the dogs may digress and become destructive. Although suitable for large yards, Boerboels are flexible and can survive in small environments as long as they receive plenty of physical and mental exercise and a lot of attention. Because of majority of Boerboel breeders, the dog should only be off leash when on its property.