The Chow Chow is a dog breed that originated from northern China where it is known as Songshi Quan which means puffy-lion dog. These dogs are also called the Tang Quan, which meant Dog of the Tang Empire. It is believed that this breed of dogs is one of the native dogs used as the model for the Foo dog .The dogs that are the traditional stone guardians found in front of Buddhist temples. It is among the ancient breeds that exist today.
The breed is more than 2,000 years old as a breed and many authorities believe it may date back much farther. The breed originated by crossing the old Mastiff of Tibet and the Samoyed, a breed that originated from the northern parts of Siberia. Some experts believes that the Chow did not originate from China; barbarian ancestors of the Mongols used enormous dogs with features like a lion and black tongues, when they went to war against the Chinese thousands of years ago. It is believed that the Chow Chow dogs have been kept as hunting and guard dog by warring Mongolian tribes. They were also used as a source of food and fur.
The Chow Chow dogs can have one of two different types of coat either rough or smooth. The long-haired or rough coat is very common, which has an outer coat containing straight, long, coarse guard hairs which do not get tangled as easily as the soft undercoat.
The two most unique features of the Chow Chow are its blue-black tongue and its almost straight hind legs. These dogs have a large and broad head with a flat skull. The muzzle is deep and broad. A huge ruff behind the head gives it a lion-like appearance.
They are very well-mannered dogs and are quite good with children. They would easily get along with cats and other household animals if they get to when they are young. They need to be thoroughly socialized when they are young. They are Loyal, Intelligent, Independent, aggressive and Detached. Aggression can be a distinctive characteristic in this breed, as some of them are of an aggressive nature while many are known to be easy-going in. It is recommended that these dogs stay fenced and away from cats and small dogs.
The Chow Chow can suffer from various diseases like glaucoma, juvenile cataracts, hip dysplasia, lymphoma diabetes mellitus, and gastric cancer. They have a high risk of autoimmune disease and are at an inclination for skin melanoma. The thick coat of Cho Chow may lead to fleas’ problems.
Regular grooming with the correct tool is a must. There is no need to be bathed often. A bath twice or thrice a year will do.
Chow-chows are protective. When somebody unfamiliar crosses their territory they suddenly respond to be able to protect their masters. They may not be very friendly but with proper training they may get socialized.
One meal a day is enough for a year old Chow Chow but many choose to feed them twice a day. The feeding time should be reliable as much as possible to maintain proper health.
Casual morning or evening walks in warm weather and several short play sessions throughout the day can meet their needs. They can outdoors in temperate or cool weather.