Typical of Scandinavia’s Stovare type of hunting hound, the Finnish version, called Suomenajokoira in its native land, is about a hundred years old. It was created by crossing English Foxhounds, French and German hounds and some of the older Stovare types in Sweden. The Finnish Hound is also known as the Finnish Scenthound, Finnish Bracke, Finsk Stovare, and Suomenajokoira. These breeds were generally multipurpose dogs, capable of hunting, herding, sled pulling, and guarding. For many decades, the efforts to develop the Finnish Hound were hampered by the ongoing political and military struggle in the country, which won its independence from the Russia in the aftermath of World War I. The Finnish Hound is highly valued not only for its great skill as a hunter, but also its versatility. Although most commonly used to hunt fox and rabbit, but the breed is regularly used on a wide variety of species including lynx and moose.
In proportion, the body is slightly longer than tall. The chest is long, broad, and deep to the elbow. There is visible fore chest. The ribs are well sprung. The back is medium length, straight and muscular. The loin is short and powerful, and the croup is gently sloping. There is a slight tuck up. The coat is Double, with a medium length, straight, dense and harsh outer coat that is close lying and a short, dense soft undercoat. The Finnish Hound is a medium to medium-large breed. Most males stand between 21½ and 24 inches tall at the shoulder, and most females stand between 20½ and 23 inches. Although weight is heavily influenced by height, gender, and build, the average Finnish Hound weighs between 45 and 55 pounds. The head of the Finnish Hound is proportionate to the size of the dog and slightly domed. The forehead of this breed is slightly convex. The head and muzzle are distinct, but still blend in together very smoothly. The muzzle itself is quite long, at least as long as the rest of the skull.
The Finnish Hound is friendly, calm and never aggressive. It is energetic in the hunt and is a versatile tracker. It works independently and pursues the quarry with passionate barking. This breed is famous across Scandinavia for its keen sense of smell, determination, beautiful bay, and ability to handle the rough terrain and frigid climate of its homeland. They were extremely talented hunters with exceptional noses, extreme determination, and excellent problem-solving abilities. This breed is known for its calm and steady temperament, and most breed members are very stable unless on the trail when they become very excited. The Finnish Hound is known for being a very affectionate breed, often fawningly so. Properly trained and socialized most Finnish Hounds are very good with other dogs. In fact, this is a breed that craves canine companionship. There is one training area where Finnish Hounds present a very high level of difficulty, calling them back. These dogs will follow their noses anywhere, and once on the scent they seem immune to any distractions.
The Finnish Hound is a very low maintenance breed. These dogs should never require professional grooming, only a weekly brushing. Finnish Hounds do shed, and they shed a very great deal. This is a dog that will not only cover furniture, carpets, and clothing with hair, but that will do so all year long. Finnish Hound owners do have to regularly and carefully clean their dogs’ ears. Otherwise, dirt, grime, water, and other particles can become trapped in them and cause irritations and/or infections.
Finnish Hounds are energetic working dogs with great stamina. They need long, brisk daily walking, and plenty of running and playing free. It should also have plenty of opportunity to run, preferably off the leash in a safe area.