Formosan Mountain Dog
The Formosan Mountain Dog commonly referred to as simply Formosan, and also known as Taiwan Dog or Taiwan Native Dog is a breed of dog indigenous to Taiwan. Formosans are further classified into Taiya, Bunon, and Plain based on various physical characteristics. Originally kept by aboriginal Taiwanese as hunting dogs, purebred Formosans are extremely rare, so much so that one dog breeder in Taiwan named Chen Ming-nan spent 10 years to find four dogs suitable for breeding. There is currently a divide between two groups of Formosan Mountain Dog breeders with one group supporting crossing the dog with foreign breeds to increase its gene pool and another that wants to keep it as pure as possible. The Formosan Mountain Dog is also known as the Formosan Native Dog, It is unclear when the first dogs arrived in Taiwan, but it was probably between 20,000 and 10,000 years ago. The first Taiwanese dogs were descended from the dogs of Southeast Asia, dogs which remained very similar to the earliest Dingo-like dogs.
The Formosan Mountain Dog is very similar in appearance to other primitive dog breeds from across the world and especially resembles the Dingo and Basenji. The Formosan Mountain Dog is a medium-sized breed. The average male stands between 18 and 21 inches tall at the shoulders and weighs between 31 and 41 pounds. The average female stands between 16 and 19 inches tall at the shoulders and weighs between 26 and 36 pounds. The Formosan Mountain Dog is a lightly constructed breed, with most individuals having a body similar to that of a sight hound. Some breed members are more heavily built, however, with a body type more akin to that of a Chow Chow. The legs of the Formosan Mountain Dog are relatively long for its body size but not excessively so. This breed should always appear as though it is highly athletic, and most Formosan Mountain Dogs are visibly muscular. The tail of the Formosan Mountain Dog is somewhat variable. Most of these dogs possess a medium-length tail that is held in an erect sickle shape.
The Formosan Mountain Dog is most known for its intense loyalty. This is a breed which tends to form an incredibly close bond with a single individual, and most breed members are definite one-person dogs. Even when raised in a family atmosphere Formosan Mountain Dogs have a tendency to select a single family member to become close to. The Formosan Mountain Dog is not tolerant of rough play and may defend itself. Additionally, this is not a breed that knows that it should play more gently with children than adults. the Formosan Mountain Dog is naturally very suspicious of strangers and highly territorial. Proper training and socialization is of the utmost importance for the Formosan Mountain Dog. Breed members which have been raised properly are usually tolerant of strangers, although they almost always remain aloof and distant from them.
The Formosan Mountain Dog is a very low maintenance breed. These dogs should never require professional grooming, only an occasional brushing. There are not many reports on the Formosan Mountain Dog’s shedding, but it is safe to assume that this breed is a heavy shedder based on what is known about closely related breeds. It is highly advisable for owners to introduce their Formosan Mountain Dogs to routine maintenance procedures such as bathing and nail clipping from as young an age and as carefully as possible, as many breed members hate the water and put up major resistance.
Formosan mountain dogs must have some exercise in order to stay healthy, recharge their minds, and maintain their health. Daily exercise also really helps Formosan Mountain dogs avoid boredom, which often has the potential to lead to naughty behavior. Outside playtime can quell many of your formosan mountain dog’s desires to dig, retrieve, chase, chew and herd. Activity needs vary based on your formosan mountain dog’s age and his or her level of healthbut ten minutes in back of the house and merely a walk around the block every day probably will not cut it. If your formosan mountain dog is a six to eighteen month adolescent, her requirements will probably be a little higher.